Thursday, February 12, 2015

Abu al-Hassan al-Kharaqani

Abu al-Hassan Ali ibn Ahmad (or ibn Ja'far) ibn Salmān al-Kharaqāni or Shaikh Abul-Hassan Kharaqāni [also written Kherqāni] (Persian شیخ ابوالحسن خرقانی ) is one of the master Sufis of Islam. He was born in 963 (352 Hijri) from Persian[1] parents in Khorasan in a village called Kharaqan (today located in Semnan province of Iran, near Bustam) and died in the day of Ashura (10th of Muharram) in 1033 (425 Hijri)
He was the disciple of Shaikh Abul-Abbas Qassab Amoli in tariqah but had deep spiritual relation with Bayazid Bastami, a well-known Sufi Master who died almost a century before him but had spoken about the personality and state of Abul Hassan Kharaqani.
Farid al-Din Attar, a famous Persian poet and Sufi, devoted a large part of his book Tadhkiratul-Awliya (Biography of the Saints) about the personality, state and stories of Abul Hassan Kharaqani. Attar has called him as Sultān-e Salāteen-e Mashāyekh (The King of the kings of Sufi Masters), Ocean of the spiritual knowledge, Sun of the Lord, Mystery of the Lord and Qibla (focus of attention) of his people.
Abul Hassan Kharaqani was the Master or Shaikh of the famous Persian Sufi and poet, Khwajah Abdullah Ansari. Avicenna (Ibn Sina), Shah Mahmood of Ghazna, Abu-Saïd Abul-Khair and Nasir Khusraw had traveled to Kharaqan to meet him and expressed their deep admiring feelings and respect for him.
Mewlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī (Rumī), Farid al-Din Attar, Khwajah Abdullah Ansari, Jami and others have narrated many poems about Shaikh Abul Hassan and have reported his several stories.
He was illiterate but had wide inspirational knowledge about the Quran and Hadith; his sayings and speeches are significantly magnificent due to their philosophical views. He practiced Shafi`i sect, a school of Sunnite Islam.
The book Noorul-Uloom (The light of Sciences) is dedicated to Shaikh Abul Hassan Kharaqani. It is believed to have been written by his disciples (murids) after his death. Its single manuscript copy is currently held in the British Museum.

GOOGLE TRANSLATE:

Abu al-Hasan Ali bin Ahmad (atau bin Ja'far Salmān) ibn al-Kharaqāni atau Shaikh Abul-Hassan Kharaqāni [juga ditulis Kherqāni] (Persia شیخ ابوالحسن خرقانی ) adalah salah satu dari master Sufi dari Islam. Dia telah dilahirkan di 963 (352 tahun) dari Persia[ 1] orang tua di Khorasan di sebuah kampung bernama Kharaqan (hari ini terletak di Semnan provinsi Iran, dekat Bustam) dan mati pada hari Ashura ( 10 Muharram) di 1033 (425 Tahun)

Ia adalah murid Shaikh Abul-Abbas Qassab Amoli di tariqah tetapi mendalam hubungan rohani dengan Bayazid Bastami, yang terkenal Sufi Master yang mati hampir satu abad sebelum dia tetapi telah berbicara tentang kepribadian dan negara Abul Kalam Hassan Kharaqani.

Farid al-Din Attar, seorang penyair Persia terkenal dan Sufi, dikhususkan sebagian besar dari bukunya Tadzkiratul-Awliya (Sejarah orang-orang Kudus) tentang kepribadian, negara dan kisah-Abul Kalam Hassan Kharaqani. Attar telah memanggil dia sebagai Sultān-e Salāteen-e Mashāyekh (Raja-raja Sufi Master), Lautan pengetahuan rohani, Matahari dari Tuhan, rahsia Tuhan dan Kiblat (fokus perhatian) umat-Nya.

Abul Kalam Hassan Kharaqani adalah Tuan atau Shaikh terkenal Sufi dan penyair Persia, Khwajah Abdullah Ansari. Ibnu Sina (Ibnu Sina), Shah Mahmood-Ghazna, Abu-Saïd Abul-Khair dan Nasir Khusraw telah berangkat ke Kharaqan untuk bertemu dengan dia dan mengekspresikan perasaan kagum terhadap mereka yang dalam dan rasa hormat terhadap dia.

Mewlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī (Rumī), Farid al-Din Attar, Khwajah Abdullah Ansari, Jami dan lain-lain telah banyak diriwayatkan puisi tentang Shaikh Abul Kalam Hassan dan telah melaporkan beberapa kisah-nya.

Ia adalah seorang buta huruf tetapi telah luas inspiratif pengetahuan tentang Qur'an dan hadis, perkataan-nya dan pidato yang mengagumkan secara signifikan karena pandangan falsafah mereka. Ia diamalkan Shafi'i mazhab, sebuah sekolah Sunnite Islam.

Buku Noorul-Uloom (terang dari Ilmu Pengetahuan) didedikasikan untuk Shaikh Abul Kalam Hassan Kharaqani. Ianya dipercayai telah ditulis oleh murid-murid-nya (murids) setelah kematiannya. Manuskrip ini satu salinan saat ini diselenggarakan di Museum Inggris.
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